Warta Pengabdian Andalas 2023-03-09T21:58:55-05:00 Eli Ratni Open Journal Systems <h2>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA)</h2> <p>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA) is a scientific journal managed by LPPM Universitas Andalas. This journal accepts articles related to community services for Indonesian society in field of both life and social sciences. It is published four times in a year, namely March, June, September, and December.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <p>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA), with registered number&nbsp;ISSN 0854-655X (print),&nbsp;&nbsp;is a scientific multidisciplinary journal published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Andalas. It is in the national level that covers a lot of common problems or issues related to community services. The aim of this journal publication is to disseminate the conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results that have been achieved in the area of community services.</p> <p>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA), contains various activities of the teaching staff in Universitas Andalas in handling and managing the various potentials, obstacles, challenges, and problems that exist in society. Implementation of service activities also involve the participation of the community and partners. Service activities are organized into an activity aimed at improving the welfare of society.</p> <p>In the following year of publication, the journal is going to publish four-nually. Any interested author could submit the manuscript following the&nbsp;submission guidelines.&nbsp;Please read these guidelines carefully. Authors who want to submit their manuscript to the editorial office of Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA) should obey the writing guidelines. If the manuscript submitted is not appropriate with the guidelines or written in a different format, it will be&nbsp;<strong>REJECTED</strong>&nbsp;by the editors before further reviewed. The editors will only accept the manuscripts which meet the assigned format.</p> <p>Every article that goes to the editorial staff will be selected through&nbsp;<strong>Desk Review&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Initial Manuscript Evaluation</strong>&nbsp;processes by Editorial Board. Then, the articles will be sent to the peer reviewer and will go to the next selection by <strong>Double&nbsp;</strong><strong>Blind Peer-Review Process</strong>.&nbsp;Further details on reviewing policy and processes are available on&nbsp;submission guidelines.</p> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sosialisasi Pengurusan PT dan Edukasi Ekspor di Yayasan Sumatra Volunteer Jorong Balai Labuah Bawah, Kabupaten Tanah Datar 2023-01-05T21:47:36-05:00 Winny Alna Marlina Nur Ari Sufiawan <p>The Sumatra Volunteer Foundation is a non-profit organization in which the Foundation's main activity is a handicraft business whose main raw materials are obtained from nature. Creative businesses from bamboo produced by Sumatra Volunteers need socialization of management Ltd which aims to potentially gain greater profits because of the wider product market share besides that it can also preserve regional cultural values through foreign markets, so it is necessary to disseminate education on export foreign trade activities as his supporters. The methods used include lectures, discussions, and business consulting. This activity is expected to help handicraft businesses and creative business products from bamboo Sumatra Volunteer Foundation and the establishment of an Ltd which is strengthened by signing at a Notary.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-12-15T03:53:15-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sosialisasi dan Pelatihan Pemeliharaan Unggas Lokal di Kelompok Wanita Tani Kejora Sawahlunto 2023-01-05T21:47:35-05:00 Robi Amizar Wizna Wizna Mirzah Mirzah Ade Djulardi <p>This activity aims to realize a growing livestock business in Kelompok Wanita Tani (KWT) Kejora in Sawahlunto that can generate profits to increase household incomes for KWT Kejora partner groups. The implementation of this activity was carried out in three stages; the first was the delivery of material and distributing questionnaires, the second stage was training and modeling, and the third stage was post-training assistance. The service activities in the form of socialization and training on local poultry farming at the KWT Kejora Sawahlunto have been carried out well. The result of this activity was that this activity was attended by 20 group members and accompanied by field officers from the Food Security, Agriculture, and Fisheries Service of Swahlunto City. Group members generally know about local poultry farming (village chicken) but do not know how to raise chickens properly and do not know the factors that affect the sustainability of the livestock business. Therefore, this group must continue to be accompanied so that the sustainability of the group's business can develop and increase the household income of group members.</p> 2022-12-15T06:21:27-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pemeriksaan Kesehatan dan Edukasi Pencegahan Penyakit Ginjal Kronik pada Lansia di Nagari Sungai Buluh Selatan 2023-01-05T21:47:34-05:00 Fitri Mailani Rahmi Muthia Emil Huriani Sovia Susianty Reni Prima Gusty Elvi Oktarina Muthmainah Muthmainah Esthika Ariany Maisa Arif Rohman Mansur <p>Chronic kidney disease is one of the diseases that increase the risk in the elderly. Conducting health checks and education to maintain kidney health is an effort to improve the alertness of the elderly. This activity aims to serve the community by working on health checks and education on preserving kidney health for the elderly in the Nagari Sungai Buluh Selatan village. The method in this activity was to do a physical examination and blood check to see blood pressure, current blood sugar, and uric acid levels and continue by providing education related to maintaining kidney health in the elderly. This activity showed that 18 (33.9%) had grade 1 hypertension, and 30 (60.4%) elderly had high uric acid values. It is hoped that health checks and education activities are carried out regularly to increase awareness of the elderly to avoid other chronic diseases and improve their quality of life.</p> 2022-12-15T08:15:02-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Skrining Penyakit Kardiovaskular pada Populasi Rentan Covid-19 di Jorong Bansa, Kabupaten Agam 2023-01-05T21:47:37-05:00 Mulyanti Roberto Muliantino Yuanita Ananda Rika Sarfika <p>Cardiovascular disease was a major degenerative disease with high morbidity and mortality rates. Patients with cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and heart failure were vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. They have high risk of worsening their condition when infected of the COVID-19 virus. Health screening was one of the efforts in preventive measure to identify this risk group. This activity aimed to identify people who are at risk or suffer from cardiovascular disease. The method using physical examination, including blood pressure, cholesterol levels and blood sugar levels. There were 22 people in Jorong Bansa carried out in this activity. The results of the screening found that there were 3 people with high blood pressure in the stage 1 hypertension and 3 people with the stage 2 hypertension. There were 6 people with cholesterol levels &gt; 200 mg/dl and 1 person was identified as having a history of diabetes melitus with blood sugar levels &gt; 200 mg/dl. Screening can be a preventive effort to identifying the disease and complication preventive. An educational programme was recommended to increase knowledge and self-management related to their illness.</p> 2022-12-15T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Nagari Palangki dalam Mengatasi Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku (PMK) 2023-01-05T21:47:36-05:00 Tinda Afriani Farez Fathoni Albadri Ayu Sri Wahyuni Ricky Adelin Simbolon Muhammad Hamzah Fajri <p>Nagari Palangki, IV Koto District, Sinjunjung Regency, is one area that has the potential for beef cattle farming and a large livestock market. The Palangki cattle market is the largest cattle market in West Sumatra. The Palangki cattle market has become a supplier of beef cattle for the provinces of West Sumatra, Jambi, Riau and Bengkulu. The operation of the Palangki livestock market was closed due to cattle infected by mouth and nail disease (FMD). FMD is a contagious animal disease that attacks hoofed animals, especially livestock such as cattle, goats and sheep caused by viruses. This disease can cause huge economic losses because it can lead to a decrease in livestock productivity and even death. It is necessary to take action in dealing with FMD, therefore socialization of the handling and prevention of oral and nail diseases is carried out to the Basung Indah Palangki farmer group. FMD vaccination was carried out in collaboration with the Agriculture Service of Sijunjung Regency and 100 cows were vaccinated in District IV Nagari. The activity aimed to empower and provide insight to Nagari Palangki cattle farmers in overcoming oral and nail diseases.</p> 2022-12-15T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Bijak dalam Menggunakan Antibiotika di Nagari Padang Laweh 2023-01-05T21:47:33-05:00 Dwisari Dillasamola Hansen Nasif Yufri Aldi <p>The high use of antibiotics inappropriately among the community today causes the problem of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance occurs when microorganisms have the ability to withstand the effects of an antibiotic drug. This can cause losses in terms of health, economy, and public health. To prevent the inappropriate use of antibiotics, education is carried out on how to use antibiotics wisely, which is good and right. The counseling method in this service activity is the lecture method where this method is good for targets with high and low education, especially the general public. The results that this service was that the community looks enthusiastic about carrying out this community service activity. The conclusion of this activity is that education and counseling can increase public knowledge about the use of antibiotics.</p> 2022-12-16T02:26:52-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Penerapan SDKI, SLKI, dan SIKI dalam Pendokumentasian Asuhan Keperawatan di Ruangan Interne Pria RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang 2023-01-16T10:44:31-05:00 Yuanita Ananda Yulastri Arif Zifriyanthi Minanda Putri Esthika Ariany Maisa Dewi Murni Sidaria Sidaria Ilfa Khairina Muthmainnah Muthmainnah Susmiati Susmiati Nelwati Nelwati <p>Nursing services are often used as a benchmark for the image and quality of a hospital in the eyes of the public. One indicator of service quality is nursing documentation. Nursing documentation is a nursing care process for patients that must be carried out by nurses. The results of interviews conducted with nurses in the Men's Internal Room at RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang found that nursing documentation through IDHS, SLKI, and SIKI had not run optimally. Therefore, it is necessary to provide education on the application of the SDKI, SLKI, and SIKI in carrying out nursing documentation. The purpose of this activity is that nurses can apply nursing documentation with SDKI, SLKI, SIKI to patients. The implementation of the activity was carried out directly to the nurses with a total of 30 respondents starting with the pretest, giving material, and ending with the post test. The results of the pre test were the level of knowledge of nurses in the Men's Internal Room of Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang regarding the application of SDKI, SLKI, and SIKI in nursing documentation before being given education, namely 7 nurses had good knowledge (23%), 10 nurses had sufficient knowledge (33%), 13 nurses have less knowledge (44%). The results of the post test were the level of knowledge of nurses in the Men's Internal Room Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang regarding the application of SDKI, SLKI, and SIKI in nursing documentation after being given education, namely 25 nurses had good knowledge (83%), 5 nurses had sufficient knowledge (17%). Based on these results it can be concluded that this educational activity is very useful and can increase nurses' knowledge about documentation and can be applied directly to patients. The suggestion is that nursing managers can control the nursing documentation process so that the quality of nursing services can be optimal.</p> 2022-12-16T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Edukasi Gizi dan Pembinaan Kelompok Dasa Wisma dalam Pemanfaatan Pekarangan Berbasis Daun Kelor di Kecamatan Pauh Kamba, Padang Pariaman 2023-01-16T11:04:29-05:00 Syahrial Syahrial Helmizar Helmizar Salma Nur Fitri <p>Nutritional status is an essential indicator of children's health status because it is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Good nutritional status in children will contribute to their health in recovering from illness. Malnutrition is a condition in children's weight for age (BB/U) that does not match their age. Moringa leaf (Moringa oleifera) is a functional food from the monogeneric Moringaceae family and contains several minerals. The purpose of this community service was to empower the Dasa Wisma group to utilise the community's yard by planting Moringa to improve the nutritional status of toddlers and reduce Stunting rates. This service was carried out from April to July 2022 at the Stunting locus, i.e. Pauh Kamba District, Padang Pariaman Regency. The activities included coaching the Dasa Wisma group regarding Stunting, how to overcome Stunting, processing Moringa leaves as a source of nutrition and family income, and evaluating Dasa Wisma group activities in processing Moringa leaves into food. The partnership program is expected to have sustained assistance from an expert to the community in the village.</p> 2022-12-16T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Peningkatan Daya Saing Produk “RAYO” dengan Pelatihan Ragam Teknik dan Motif Rajut pada Sanggar Kerajinan Wanita Rangkiang Selayo 2023-01-18T20:10:26-05:00 Verni Juita Warnida Warnida Fitriyeni Oktaviani <p>Sanggar Rangkiang is a women’s group in Selayo village with a common interest in improving their family living standards. Through the group, they learn together how to master knitting skills. Using their little own pocket money, they try to buy the knitting material and turn it into various kinds of knitted products. Some have also successfully sold the products to their acquaintances through direct selling or personal approaches. Despite those achievements, however, this group has been facing critical challenges, such as limited product varieties, unstandardized product qualities, and lack of neat consistency, undermining the product’s potential to compete in the larger knitted products market. Due to this condition, the team of Universitas Andalas has provided knitting materials and conducted training series on various knitting techniques and models. The training was conducted through three sections the delivery of learning materials through lecturing, the application of learning materials, and counselling and monitoring through mentoring. After the training, the participants can produce a variety of good-quality products according to the given time target. Ultimately, the knitted products are expected to be sold in the larger market, paving the way for their business independence.</p> 2022-12-16T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Penggunaan Pendekatan Personal untuk Menghubungkan Usaha Mikro “Wan Alan Padang Panjang” dan Target Pasarnya 2023-03-01T22:54:16-05:00 Vima Tista Putriana Yurniwati Yurniwati Elda Simitra <p>A micro business of Wan Alan Padang Panjang, a partner in this community service activity, faces a significant problem: a low sales rate. Wan Alan produces four essential ingredients for cooking (white, red and yellow ingredients and onion paste) and ingredients for making Rendang – the traditional food of West Sumatera. The activity is done through seven steps, i.e. getting to know the partner, becoming users of the partner’s products, understanding characteristics and values of the partner’s products, identifying the right target market, choosing the most effective marketing method, designing promotion strategies and taking advantages of a personal network to introduce the partner’s product. The intervention has resulted in (i) the partner’s products are started to become known by the target market, (ii) an increase in sales gradually, (iii) products have been sold in another city (i.e. Padang), and (iv) three persons are acting as resellers now.</p> 2022-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Edukasi Kewaspadaan Kanker Payudara untuk Siswi SMPN 24 Kota Padang dengan Menggunakan Metode Virtual Reality 2023-03-08T21:50:36-05:00 Boby Febri Krisdianto Tiurmaida Simandalahi Sidaria Sidaria <p>Early detection of cancer begins with increasing public awareness about abnormalities in the breast through the breast self-examination (BSE) program. The interest of young women in seeking information about breast cancer is still so low that the purpose of this activity is to provide health education on breast cancer awareness and demonstrations of doing BSE to students of SMPN 24 Padang City. The health education method is Virtual Reality Technology and BSE demonstration using mannequins. Participants were given a pretest and posttest quiz to know the value of breast cancer awareness. This activity was held on Saturday, August 13, 2022, at SMP 24 Padang. The result shows increased breast cancer awareness among SMPN 24 Padang students. It is hoped that Virtual Reality (VR) technology will be used more in health education because it is one of the solutions that can help educators provide more fun learning.</p> 2022-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pengembangan Usaha Akuaponik di Kolam Ikan TPQ & RTQ Raudhatul Adzkia Dalam Koto, Kabupaten Agam 2023-03-09T09:39:50-05:00 Refilda Refilda Rahmiana Zein Hermansyah Aziz Yefrida Yefrida Zilfa Zilfa Syukri Syukri Matlal Fajri Alif Yulizar Yusuf Admi Admi Raihan Hanif Aulia Nurul Afifah <p>The Community Service Team of the Chemistry Department has worked closely with the Taman Pendidikan Qur'an (TPQ) and Rumah Tahzhul Qur'an (RTQ) Raudhatul Adzkia Jorong Dalam Koto Nagari Koto Tangah in solving problems faced by partners. The pond catfish farming business supports smooth operational costs and has been running for over a year, but these results still need to be improved for TPQ and RTQ. This activity aims to develop a catfish farming business accompanied by an aquaponic cultivation business to increase income from TPQ and RTQ. The benefit of this activity is that the partners have an Aquaponics business which is cultivating catfish and vegetable plants in the fish pond. The Community Service Team transferred knowledge to partners, especially in cultivating aquaponic plants through entrepreneurship. The activities of the Community Service Team in helping partners are a form of the Andalas University Higher Education Tri Dharma. The method applied to support the realization of this community service program was through supervision, program socialization, and implementation of activities. The result of this activity was that partners could run an aquaponics business to increase income to meet the operational costs of education and teacher salaries.</p> 2022-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pembangunan dan Implementasi Website Profil Kelurahan Tanah Lapang, Kecamatan Lembah Segar, Kota Sawahlunto 2023-03-09T10:24:33-05:00 Jefril Rahmadoni Husnil Kamil Wahyudi Wahyudi Nedia Putri Ismala Ahmad Fadli Ramadhan <p>The use of information technology has resulted in numerous life changes. Starting with manual work to ensure that knowledge of innovation grows, creating automated or digital work makes it easier for people to carry out their daily operational activities. A website is an information medium to introduce or promote a company or organization. Develop a profile website to aid in information dissemination and tools for village leaders that can be accessed more quickly and practically, resulting in an innovative, effective, and efficient teaching and learning process. Nowadays, technology allows all manual labour to be converted into a practical digital mode. This community service project aims to help the Tanah Lapang Village socialize and the village head with responsibilities. The executors were a group of lecturers and students from Andalas University's Faculty of Information Technology. The stages of creating a website began with identifying the village's problems. Tanah Lapang Village information is now available on the website, including its profiles, history, organizational structure, population data, facilities, and tourism activities in the village.</p> 2022-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Efektivitas Audio Flash Card dan Teman Ajar Isyarat terhadap Pengetahuan Protokol Kesehatan Covid-19 pada Anak Disabilitas di Sekolah Luar Biasa Alhidayah Padang 2023-03-09T12:08:35-05:00 Milletesya Govanda Yulizawati Yulizawati Hardisman Hardisman <p>In a pandemic situation, challenges are even more significant where there is limited space for movement and need strict assistance for children with disabilities to prevent Covid-19. A common problem faced by children with disabilities is that they cannot understand abstract and verbal things, even though verbal skills are very much needed in implementing the Covid-19 health protocol. Children with disabilities need assistive devices in the form of visual media so that they can more easily apply health protocols through their senses. In Padang, West Sumatra, the highest Covid-19 cases were in Kuranji Subdistric. For this reason, the implementing team provided education regarding the Covid-19 health protocol to children with disabilities at the Alhidayah Special School using the Audio Flash Card game method and Friends Teaching Signs. It was done so that children with disabilities were hight interested in participating. The results show that the education provided was more effective with the Audio Flash Card game method and Friends Teaching Signs because, for children with disabilities, this method is more fun and easier to understand. Thus, this method should be applied and combined in the educational process so that children with disabilities can easily understand the material presented.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pembentukan Kader Anti Bullying pada Kelompok Anak Usia Sekolah di Kelurahan Pasie Nan Tigo, Kecamatan Koto Tangah, Kota Padang 2023-03-09T21:58:55-05:00 Meri Neherta Agus Sri Banowo Ira Mulya sari Arif Rohman Mansur Deswita Deswita Wedya Wahyu Mutia Farlina <p>The phenomenon of bullying that often occurs in elementary school-age children is a severe problem that has an impact both physically and psychologically. Bullying in elementary school must be prevented immediately so that it does not become a habit that will be carried into adulthood. The purpose was to increase knowledge and assertive behaviour and the formation of anti-bullying cadres. The method used was health education and cadre training by providing a pretest and posttest. A knowledge questionnaire on bullying prevention was given to 60 elementary school students from 3 elementary schools in Pasie Nan Tigo Village, Lubuk Buaya Health Center, Koto Tangah District, Padang City. The results of this training found that students' average knowledge increased after being given health education. This training can increase students' knowledge and assertive behaviour about bullying prevention. Cadres are expected to prevent bullying in elementary school-age children so that life in the neighbourhood and school can run in peace and safety.</p> 2022-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##