Warta Pengabdian Andalas http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa <h2>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA)</h2> <p>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA) is a scientific journal managed by LPPM Universitas Andalas. This journal accepts articles related to community services for Indonesian society in field of both life and social sciences. It is published four times in a year, namely March, June, September, and December.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <p>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA), with registered number&nbsp;ISSN 0854-655X (print),&nbsp;&nbsp;is a scientific multidisciplinary journal published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Andalas. It is in the national level that covers a lot of common problems or issues related to community services. The aim of this journal publication is to disseminate the conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results that have been achieved in the area of community services.</p> <p>Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA), contains various activities of the teaching staff in Universitas Andalas in handling and managing the various potentials, obstacles, challenges, and problems that exist in society. Implementation of service activities also involve the participation of the community and partners. Service activities are organized into an activity aimed at improving the welfare of society.</p> <p>In the following year of publication, the journal is going to publish four-nually. Any interested author could submit the manuscript following the&nbsp;submission guidelines.&nbsp;Please read these guidelines carefully. Authors who want to submit their manuscript to the editorial office of Jurnal Warta Pengabdian Andalas (JWA) should obey the writing guidelines. If the manuscript submitted is not appropriate with the guidelines or written in a different format, it will be&nbsp;<strong>REJECTED</strong>&nbsp;by the editors before further reviewed. The editors will only accept the manuscripts which meet the assigned format.</p> <p>Every article that goes to the editorial staff will be selected through&nbsp;<strong>Desk Review&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Initial Manuscript Evaluation</strong>&nbsp;processes by Editorial Board. Then, the articles will be sent to the peer reviewer and will go to the next selection by <strong>Double&nbsp;</strong><strong>Blind Peer-Review Process</strong>.&nbsp;Further details on reviewing policy and processes are available on&nbsp;submission guidelines.</p> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas en-US Warta Pengabdian Andalas 0854-655X Implementation by the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) of Bamboo Products in Jorong Balai Labuah Bawah, Tanah Datar http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/872 <p>Sumatera Volunteer Foundation was founded in 2014. The foundation is located in Jorong Balai Labuah Bawah-Lima Kaum, which is located on flat land. The main activity of the non-profit Sumatra Volunteer Foundation is a handicraft business whose main raw materials are obtained from nature Sumatra Volunteer sells goods whose raw material is bamboo, such as straws (Sumatra Straws), food made from coconut shells, gifts made from bamboo, and crafts to finance the Foundation's operational activities. In BPOM permit regulations, only straw products are permitted because they are used directly by users as drinking utensils. The sales system still uses the help of friends, family, alumni, students, and interns from the Sumatra Volunteer Foundation. The marketing activities of the Sumatra Volunteer Foundation do not yet have a BPOM permit, so consumers and potential consumers feel safer when using goods with a BPOM certificate. This activity aims to develop the craft product business at the Sumatra Volunteer Foundation by obtaining a BPOM permit. Educational activities regarding BPOM were successfully carried out with the consideration that the product could be clinically tested.</p> Winny Alna Marlina Nur Ari Sufiawan Nefy Putri Novani Handoko Handoko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 1 6 10.25077/jwa.31.1.1-6.2024 Training on Social Media Utilisation in Business Innovation for Legok Village Culinary MSMEs http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/929 <p>In the digital age, the role of social media in business innovation cannot be underestimated. Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are crucial in driving economies, and their success significantly impacts local communities. However, the MSMEs Culinary in Legok faces tough competition from similar businesses that need help introducing their products or services. Therefore, with the training on social media for business innovation, MSMEs culinary in Legok Village can promote their products or services and reach a broader audience by producing social media content with relevant themes and concepts. This activity was conducted at Multimedia Nusantara University, Scientia Boulevard Gading Street, Curug Sangereng, Serpong, Tangerang Regency, Banten.</p> Cynthia Sari Dewi Melissa Indah Fianty Fahmy Rinanda Saputri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 7 15 10.25077/jwa.31.1.7-15.2024 Efforts to Reduce Plastic Waste Through Making Environmentally Friendly Shopping Green Bags at the Berkah Balai Baru Waste Bank http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/884 <p>The Berkah Balai Baru Waste Bank was established on 20 November 2021. The waste management activity running at this Waste Bank is the waste deposit activity. Another program that has yet to be implemented is empowering waste bank officers and customers to make green bags to reduce plastic waste. Waste bank officers still need to gain the skills to create green bags. This service activity aims to increase people's insight into the dangers of plastic waste for environmental health and improve people's skills in making green bags. The educational methods used are persuasive communication, lectures, and two-way dialogue. During training, the method used is the product creation and practice training method; during activity mentoring, monitoring and evaluation of activities were carried out. This community service activity targets officers and customers of the Berkah Balai Baru waste bank. The results of the community service activities were that after carrying out the pre and post-test and comparing the score results, it was found that there was an increase in participants' knowledge by 29.9%, and there was participant enthusiasm, as shown by the feedback during the discussion session. Waste bank officers have been able to make shopping bags that can be used when shopping and can be a business opportunity for the Berkah Balai Baru Waste Bank. With this activity, waste bank officers have contributed to reducing plastic waste in the environment.</p> Novia Wirna Putri Septia Pristi Rahmah Dhea Lulu Fichriyah Elvira Radhiatul Febriani Areta Ardiningrum Ahmad Adhitya Risyanda ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 16 23 10.25077/jwa.31.1.16-23.2024 Socialization of Making Fermented Forages for Animal Feed in Nagari Sariak Laweh http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/930 <p>Sariak Laweh is a Nagari in the Indonesian province of West Sumatra's Akabiluru sub-district, Limapuluh Kota Regency. Farmers and breeders of livestock provide the majority of people's livelihoods. Nagari Sariak Laweh has much potential for planting crops like rice and vegetables. In addition, farmers and breeders in Sariak Laweh report a need for more livestock feed. This program aims to educate farmers about fermented forage animal feed and provide them with the necessary skills. Farmers can autonomously create and produce animal feed, which can reduce the amount of input and associated costs. The community engagement service was delivered through lecture and discussion techniques, which included direct conversations, practice sessions, and presentations by subject-matter experts. In order to manufacture fermented forage animal feed, farmers receive training from students. Therefore, this training would help breeders become more adept at using fermented forage animal feed in the field. The products from the training were prepared rice straw and processed corn waste that are ready for fermentation so that farmers can use them as feed samples in the future.</p> Dwi Yuzaria Nuraini Nuraini Muhammad Sehir Lusi Azzahra ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 24 29 10.25077/jwa.31.1.24-29.2024 Institutional Restructuring of Shibori Sidomaju Elderly Community for Sustainable Business Support http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/937 <p>The Shibori Sidomaju elderly group is a community that actively produces and sells shibori cloth. As the Shibori Batik business develops, there are many conflicts of interest between members. The management chairman committed fraud by taking over all the assets owned by the community, so the village government took over the management. This community service aims to transfer knowledge regarding institutional strengthening through management reorganization by establishing articles of association, by-laws, and organizational structure. The approach to community service activities used is Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) in counseling, mentoring, and training. The target community is the administrators and members of the Batik Shibori Elderly group in Kenteng Village. The activities were carried out from July to August 2023. The results show that Shibori managers understand the importance of institutional legality and the Shibori organizational structure. The output of the activity was the article by law, which was agreed upon and approved by all Shibori members. On this occasion, an organizational structure was also agreed upon that reflects the primary duties of the management, members, and village government. The division of leading tasks and functions can increase the sense of responsibility, commitment, and loyalty. Awareness and understanding of leading tasks and functions are the keys to developing the Shibori business.</p> Amir Mahmud Nurdian Susilowati Wulan Suci Rachmadani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 30 40 10.25077/jwa.31.1.30-40.2024 Improvement of Taxation Competence for MSME Business Actors in Bandung in collaboration with Widyatama University, Bandung Chamber of Commerce and Industry http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/932 <p>This Community Service aims to assist MSME business actors in Bandung in preparing tax reports related to MSMEs, one of which is preparing tax reports related to MSMEs by the rates determined by the latest tax law contained in the harmonization of tax regulations and training in filling out form 1721. The activities were carried out through lectures, discussions, and simulation methods. Participants were very enthusiastic about the explanation and assistance provided by the service team. The output achieved increased the latest taxation knowledge and competence in filling out the annual tax return manually and online. This training was held with the Faculty of Economics and Business, the Widyatama University Accounting Study Program, and the Bandung Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The evaluation results after the implementation showed that the participants expressed satisfaction with the resource persons and the implementation of activities, and the objectives were achieved because the participants gained benefits in the form of knowledge and skills about calculating MSME income tax (PPh) and procedures for filling out form 1721.</p> Dyah Purnamasari Yati Mulyati Citra Mariana Diah Andari Radhi Radhi Hafiedh Hafiedh Yoga Tantular ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 41 50 10.25077/jwa.31.1.41-50.2024 Early Detection of Degenerative Diseases in the Elderly in Uenuni Village, Palolo District http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/964 <p><span style="color: #0e101a; background: transparent; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;" data-preserver-spaces="true">The risk of various degenerative diseases is more experienced by older adults than young people. One of the most common health problems among the elderly is hypertension. Delays in treating hypertensive patients are caused by the majority of patients only coming to health facilities after experiencing complications and lack of access to public health services. The incidence of dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus (DM) also continues to grow, which are risk factors for coronary heart disease. For this reason, promotive and preventive efforts for the elderly group are significant through increasing knowledge and understanding of degenerative diseases. The community service partner is the Banpres Pololo Community Health Center, one of the community health centers in Sigi Regency with high cases of degenerative diseases, and the target of community service is the elderly in Uenuni Palolo village. Implementing the activity was health education about hypertension, DM, and dyslipidemia, health screening, and health counseling. The screening results found that 94.12% of older adults suffered from hypertension, 17.65% suffered from DM, and 52.94% suffered from hypercholesterolemia. Health counseling results show that most older adults did not understand the importance of early detection of degenerative diseases. Therefore, health education and counseling for the community still need to be improved.</span></p> Yuliet Yuliet Khildah Khaerati Amelia Rumi Khusnul Diana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 51 59 10.25077/jwa.31.1.51-59.2024 Education of Water Crisis Preparedness to Communities in Urban Slum Areas http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/910 <p>The availability of clean water is a significant factor in ensuring human survival. When there is insufficient water to supply a population adequately, we say there is a water shortage. The water issue is impacting several metropolitan regions worldwide, including Indonesia. In Padang, 22 sub-districts are included in the list of slum sub-districts, including Pasar Ambacang. The current condition requires more community preparedness to face the water crisis. People must be adequately prepared for water crises or be taught how to use available water supplies efficiently. Increasing knowledge about community preparedness in facing the water crisis is essential because increasing public knowledge will increase community preparedness in facing the water crisis. The effort was carried out by distributing leaflets and giving lectures door to door. This exercise increased the percentage of the community prepared to deal with the water situation before and after receiving instruction. It can lessen the number of potential dangers and casualties during a disaster. If the community is prepared, it will be easier to carry out rescue actions when a disaster occurs.</p> Azyyati Ridha Alfian Fea Firdani Aulia Erid Angelica Rifa Salsabila ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 60 65 10.25077/jwa.31.1.60-65.2024 Menstrual Hygiene Education among Student Girls of Elementary School at SDN 47 Korong Gadang, Padang http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/922 <p>The research conducted by UNICEF in Indonesia in 2020 revealed that one in five girls is unaware of menstrual hygiene management. Taboos and stigma also limit the activities of female students during menstruation. Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) is the method of maintaining cleanliness and health for women during their menstrual cycle. The Ministry of Health is improving menstrual hygiene by implementing three aspects in the School Health Effort (Trias UKS), including health education, health services, and a healthy school environment. Community service activities were conducted at the Elementary School of SDN 47 Korong Gadang, Padang City, on 3 June 2022. The number of participants was 30 students from the 4th and 5th grades. Education was delivered through lectures and discussions, supported by visual aids such as slides and leaflets. The evaluation used pretests and post-tests to determine whether there was an improvement in students' knowledge. After the education session, it was found that 60% of the students had acquired a high level of knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene management. The results of this community service can serve as a lesson that education related to personal hygiene during menstruation is crucial. It is because some female students, while menstruating, experience bullying from male students and encounter obstacles in practicing menstrual hygiene at school.</p> Yessy Markolinda Ice Yolanda Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 31 1 66 73 10.25077/jwa.31.1.66-73.2024 Household Waste Management in Increasing Economic Capacity Based on Bioconversion and Circular Economy in Putrapinggan Village, Pangandaran Regency, West Java http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/923 <p>The Lecturer Team from Economics and Business, Siliwangi University, conducted Community Service Activities (PPM) for the youth and PKK groups in Putrapinggan Village, Pangandaran Regency, in May 2023. The engagement service had the theme of applying science and technology, which aims to transfer knowledge and technology from experts in household waste management in organic and inorganic waste based on bioconversion and a circular economy. Problems encountered after discussions with partners can be identified, such as partner problems in handling household waste that need to be correctly optimized. This PPM was carried out using training methods and mini-workshops, mentoring, strengthening, and collaboration, which were carried out continuously. Organic waste management utilized bioconversion technology from Black Soldier Fly (BSF) maggots. Meanwhile, socializing the application of circular economy principles in the form of the principles of reduction, reuse, recycling, recovery, and repair was an effort that the team can make to the community to support government programs in efforts to handle sustainable inorganic waste. The implementation of this service has had a direct impact in the form of increasing residents' insight regarding waste handling literacy, increasing awareness and concern regarding household waste management, and indirect impacts, namely improving health levels and increasing residents' economic capacity.</p> Dian Kurniawan Noneng Masitoh Dede Arif Rahmani Sakifah Sakifah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 74 83 10.25077/jwa.31.1.74-83.2024 Sales Pricing Strategy of Karak Kaliang Talua and Roti Kariang Household Industries by Determined Prices of Existing Costs http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/880 <p>This article aims to determine how product selling prices were determined at MSMEs Karak Kaliang Talua RF. Data collection used the observation method by conducting interviews with the owner, asking several questions related to his business, and documenting the results of the observation visit. Based on the visit results, this business had a reasonably small target market by marketing only entrusting products to traders in traditional markets. The owner expects a profit of IDR 5,000/0.25kg for each product, namely Karak Kaliang Talua and Roti Kariang. The owner of Karak Kaliang Talua RF sets prices based only on estimated cost prices and profit expectations. After processing the data from the interview results, it was found that there was a discrepancy between the selling price set by the owner and the profit expectations.</p> Nilda Tri Putri M Alif Arrahman Adisty Luthfiah Muhammad Erlangga Adi Nugraha ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 84 89 10.25077/jwa.31.1.84-89.2024 Psychological Assessment: Identification, Detection of Potential and Problems of Children with Special Needs at UPTD LDPI, Padang City http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/926 <p>So far, the learning strategy implemented in schools is still widespread, providing all students with the same educational treatment and services. These students have different levels of skills, intelligence, interests, and talents. Therefore, early identification is needed to detect children's learning potential and problems. The results of the identification can later be used by teachers in implementing learning processes that suit the characteristics of students. The method used in identification is an intelligence test using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and Culture Fair Intelligence Scale instruments. In contrast, the method used in conveying examination results is lectures and discussions with parents and teachers regarding the characteristics of children with special needs and appropriate services and education. The identification results found that one student (1.56%) was in the immobile category, seven students (10.94%) were in the debilitated category, 13 students (20.31%) were in the borderline category, 15 students (23.44%) were in the low average category, 22 students (34.38%) were in the average category, and six students (9.38%) were in the high average category. This activity had been carried out well. Through discussions and counseling, parents and teachers gained an understanding of treatment and educational services that suit the characteristics of each child. In the future, follow-up activities will likely be related to evaluating learning strategies and student abilities.</p> Rozi Sastra Purna Fitri Angraini ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 90 98 10.25077/jwa.31.1.90-98.2024 Digitalization of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Nagari Muaro Pingai, Junjung Sirih District, Solok Regency, West Sumatra http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/946 <p>This program aims to introduce the benefits of science and technology to Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nagari Muaro Pingai due to the limited market share and need for more awareness of products produced by these MSMEs. Through this digitalization work program, the community service team from Universitas Andalas assisted five MSME entrepreneurs by strengthening their business branding, providing financial assistance, and digital promotion. The methods employed include direct data collection, interview surveys, and providing training directly to the community. The financial assistance included mobile phones to help them digitize their businesses. The outcomes of those MSME's digitalization work programs included business logos, promotional brochures, and business location registration on the Google Maps platform. The community engagement activities further expanded market reach, increased income, and simplified transaction processes for MSME entrepreneurs in Nagari Muaro Pingai.</p> Elsa Eka Putri Masyhuri Hamidi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 99 107 10.25077/jwa.31.1.99-107.2024 Traditional Herb Used and Training on Preparation Moringa oleifera Lam. Herb as Dip and Capsules http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/917 <p>Moringa leaves have grown abundantly in the 50 Kota Regency area. Studies have been carried out regarding moringa leaves, and research has shown that moringa leaves are effective as a medicine to increase the body's immunity. The community needs to know and understand the benefits of Moringa leaves. Based on that circumstance, the Community Service regarding how to process the Moringa leave to be dip preparation and capsule has been conducted in Jorong Padang Kandis, VII Koto Talago Sub-district, Guguk District, 50 Kota Regency, West Sumatra. The activity was carried out on 19 August 2023. The participants were the Family Welfare Movement (PKK) and Bundo Kandung groups in Jorong Padang Kandis, attended by 100 participants. The method was lectures and training on preparing Moringa herb leaf preparations and making Moringa leaf capsules, which the community can use directly. Community services topics were "The Utilisation of Traditional Medicines" and "The Efficacy and Research Results of Moringa Leaves." The training was on making Moringa leaf powder based on suitable traditional medicine-making methods, such as dips and capsules from Moringa leaf powder and extract. Community service helped the community understand that Moringa leaves can be used as a traditional medicine to protect the body from infection with microorganisms. The community also made powder packaged as a dip preparation, used like tea bags and put it into capsules.</p> Yufri Aldi Salman Umar Aditya Alqamal Alianta Elidahanum Husni ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 108 115 10.25077/jwa.31.1.108-115.2024 Towards a Conscious Digital Generation: Efforts to Increase Knowledge and Attitudes about Cybersex among Adolescents http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/959 <p>The increasing prevalence of cybersex behavior among adolescents presents a growing concern, with potential risks to their physical and mental health. The ease of access and low cost associated with this behavior contribute to its proliferation. Based on interviews with students from X High School in Pariaman, it was found that a significant portion of the student population accesses pornography on the internet when exposed to online advertisements and during casual browsing. The primary objective of this initiative is to nurture a generation of digitally aware youth by enhancing their knowledge and shaping healthier attitudes regarding cybersex. The location of the activities was SMA X Pariaman City. A combination of active and passive approaches was employed. Active methods involved delivering lectures with prepared materials and informative video presentations. Passively, students were provided with informational leaflets and banners placed strategically in the school environment. Pre-test and post-test questionnaires were administered to gauge the effectiveness of the materials and videos in influencing participants' knowledge and attitudes. Statistical analysis, including the Wilcoxon test and Gain Score, reveals a notable increase in expertise and confirms the effectiveness of the counseling efforts. In summary, this program effectively enhances knowledge and attitudes about cybersex among adolescents, marking a significant step in addressing this pressing issue.</p> Dien Gusta Anggraini Nursal Siti Nur Hasanah Gebby Afrila Mutia Mutia Sabillah Nasitoh Muhammad Sakhi Baretta ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 116 127 10.25077/jwa.31.1.116-127.2024 Establishment of a Medical Team in Girimekar Village, Bandung District http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/924 <p>Bhakti Kencana University (BKU) community service activities were conducted in Girimekar Village, Bandung Regency. This activity involved BKU lecturers from various disciplines, such as Midwifery, Nursing, Public Health, and Pharmacy. This activity was carried out by forming a medical team, which was an effort to empower the community, especially the youth of the local group. This activity aims to socialize emergency treatment measures that must be carried out as soon as possible before residents are taken to the community health center or hospital. This will help the community care more about their health. Girimekar Village has topography and land contours in the form of highlands and lowlands at an altitude of between 400 meters above sea level and 600 meters above sea level, with an average temperature ranging from 19°C to 37°C. Girimekar Village consists of 5 hamlets, 22 RWs, and 79 RTs. Based on the topography, most areas outside the forest area are slopes or peaks with varying heights. Most RWs are located outside forest areas. Conditions like this are the background for the formation of this medical team. The method for forming a medical team was carried out by identifying the number of young people in the area and then carrying out preliminary outreach by educating them about the importance of emergency treatment before residents are taken to the hospital. After the socialization, the medical team was given training on first aid in the form of basic life support. The formation of the medical team was carried out by first identifying the number of youth. This activity, which was carried out for one month, produced a medical team from among the youth who were expected to be at the forefront in assisting. First, to residents before taking them to the health center or hospital. 26 Girimekar residents attended it, and the long-term plan for this activity is to hold first aid training for the medical team at least once every six months.</p> Fenti Fatmawati Patonah Patonah Dedep Nugraha Wempi Budiana Yanyan Mulyani Supriyatni Kartadarma ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 31 1 128 134 10.25077/jwa.31.1.128-134.2024 Screening of Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Sungai Buluh Village, Padang Pariaman http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/957 <p>Diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 is a non-communicable disease, and the incidence continues to increase. Various factors can increase the incidence of type 2 DM, but many people lack the awareness to determine risk factors and the efforts that need to be made to reduce the risk of type 2 DM. This community service aims to conduct health examinations and determine the risk level of DM type 2 in Sungai Buluh, Padang Pariaman, West Sumatra. This community service activity includes health examination, determining risk levels of risk type 2 DM, and personal education to reduce the risk of type 2 DM. The instrument used to determine the risk of type 2 DM is the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC). Type 2 DM screening showed that most people had a slightly increased risk 37 people (45.6%), low-risk 26 people (32.1%), high-risk 13 people (16.1%) and very high-risk five people (6.2%). It is hoped that health centers will carry out risk level screening and education on reducing the risk of type 2 DM as a planned and structured activity to increase public awareness to prevent and reduce the risk of type 2 DM.</p> Devia Putri Lenggogeni Hema Malini Esi Afriyanti Reni Prima Gusty Rahmi Muthia Elvi Oktarina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 31 1 135 142 10.25077/jwa.31.1.135-142.2024 The Application of Communal Mating and Introduction of Rex Rabbit Bucks to Community Rabbit Breeder in Kulonprogo, Yogyakarta http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/999 <p>The rabbit farming business has great potential to meet the need for animal protein, and currently, many rabbit farming businesses are being cultivated. Farmers face nonoptimal reproductive performance with the currently implemented mating management, so improvement efforts are needed. The community service aimed to implement good breeding practices through communal mating and introducing bucks Rex rabbits to rabbit breeders in Kulonprogo, Yogyakarta. The community service activities were conducted from June to September 2023 at one of the rabbit breeders in Kulonprogo Regency, Yogyakarta. The activities include: 1. initial preparation and coordination, 2. preparation of extension materials, guidebooks (assistance media), 3. Direct training through extension. 4. Implement communal mating, introduce Bucks Rex directly at partner locations, and distribute guidebooks. 5. Monitoring and evaluation of activity results. The enthusiasm of breeders in community service was proven by the presence of 30 breeders in extension and discussion activities with the theme "Kopi Darat Peternak Kelinci Komersial." The results of the application of the communal mating method show farmer satisfaction, with 4 out of 5 rabbits becoming pregnant from the application of this method. Increasing the reproductive performance of the breeder's doe can increase rabbit production, thereby contributing to the breeder's income. Implementing good breeding practices through communal mating and the introduction of bucks Rex rabbits can be a solution for breeders regarding the low productivity of the rabbits.</p> Rahmat Bintang Ramadhan Bunga Putri Sepwiati Monica Caroluna Naidilah Dwi Putri Widya Nur Amalia Zaenab Nurul Jannah Adi Tiya Warman Amir Husaini Karim Amrullah Bayu Andri Atmoko Panjono Panjono ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-08 2024-03-08 31 1 143 153 10.25077/jwa.31.1.143-153.2024 Enhancing Disaster Preparedness for Junior High School Students at SMPN 24 Padang City Using Virtual Reality Method http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/977 <p>Indonesia frequently experiences earthquakes, resulting in significant financial losses and casualties, especially in Padang. A major factor contributing to the high number of victims is the general public's lack of knowledge and preparedness for such disasters. Teenagers, including middle school students, are particularly vulnerable. Consequently, at SMPN 24 in Padang, virtual reality (VR) technology has been introduced to educate students about disaster preparedness. This simulation provided a realistic learning experience, allowing students to practice for emergencies without endangering themselves. At SMPN 24 in Padang, 32 students underwent an earthquake simulation using the VR approach. The results indicated an enhanced understanding of disaster preparedness among the students, with the median comprehension score rising from 59.00 to 60.50. Evaluations suggest that VR technology effectively increases students' disaster awareness and readiness. In summary, thanks to the virtual reality (VR) training, students at SMPN 24 in Padang feel better equipped to face potential earthquake disasters.</p> Boby Febri Krisdianto Ilfa Khairina Tiurmaida Simandalahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-08 2024-03-08 31 1 154 161 10.25077/jwa.31.1.154-161.2024 Peripheral Arterial Disease Detection Efforts with Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Examination http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/942 <p>Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is the third leading cause of atheroskeric vascular morbidity in coronary heart disease. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is one way to assess peripheral arteries. This activity aims to identify people who are at risk or suffer from PAD. The method used is a medical examination, which includes ABI values, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and uric acid. This medical examination was conducted on 41 people in RT 02 RW 06 Pasar Ambacang, Padang City. The screening results found that 17.07% of respondents had ABI values higher than 1.3 (severely calcified vessel), and 14.62% had ABI values in the range of 0.71-0.9 (mild obstruction). This activity also found respondents with first-stage hypertension (29.26%), second-stage hypertension (2.44%), high cholesterol levels (56.09%), high blood sugar levels (7.31%), and uric acid levels exceeding normal limits (7.31%). Screening efforts can be a preventive measure.</p> Mulyanti Roberto Muliantino Yuanita Ananda Rika Sarfika ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-08 2024-03-08 31 1 162 168 10.25077/jwa.31.1.162-168.2024 Health Promotion in Efforts to Prevent Stunting in the First 1000 Days of Life (HPK) at Puskesmas X Koto 1 Tanah Datar Regency http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/968 <p>Stunting, a persistent global nutritional issue from inadequate care and nutritional intake, becomes evident when a child ages two. Tanah Datar recorded a 21.5% stunting rate in 2022, prompting a targeted service to enhance the literacy of pregnant women, mothers of toddlers, and cadres about the critical first 1000 days of life. Utilizing an interactive game, Emotional Demonstration, and drawing on four modules from the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), the service employed printed modules and game equipment. Held on 10 June 2023 at Wali Nagari Pandai Sikek Hall, the event gathered 20 participants, including pregnant women, mothers, cadres, and X Koto Community Health Center officers. Activities commenced with a pre-test, followed by interactive game-based education, and concluded with a post-test. The community service positively contributed to increased health literacy and awareness in the first 1000 days, validated by significant T-test results (p-value = 0.001), indicating a substantial knowledge improvement post-intervention.</p> Wira Iqbal Kamal Kasra Dicki Kurnia Pratama Dini Nur Annisa Dyki Gymnasdian Fajrul Khairi Hanifa Eka Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 31 1 169 177 10.25077/jwa.31.1.169-177.2024 Workshop of Terravor: Terrarium as An Education Media for Introducing Carnivorous Plants of Sumatra to the Society of Nature Themed Art Lovers http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/962 <p>There are still many plant species that the public currently needs to be made aware. It is because the uses of plants still need to be well explored, which has left them with little practical usefulness. The potential of these plants can be utilized as a tool in educational media and as items with creative and unique value in the commercial sector. Carnivorous plants are among them. In addition to having unique shapes, art enthusiasts can use this plant to turn their interests and skills into terrarium products. TERRAVOR is an innovative terrarium product with carnivorous plants as the main ingredient. This product specializes in carnivorous plants found in the Sumatra region to educate the public regarding the sustainable use of these plants and their status in nature so that the use value of these plants can be maintained for an extended period. This workshop aims to educate the public, especially a society of nature-themed art lovers, about the sustainable use of carnivorous plants. This one-day workshop involved a society interested in terrarium techniques and the uniqueness of carnivorous plants. In this workshop, participants consisting of 13 people who have natural-themed artistic talent were introduced to the ins and outs of carnivorous plants, their conservation status, how to cultivate them in terrarium conditions, and their care. The results of this workshop showed that the number of participants' understanding of the importance of carnivorous plants increased. In addition, participants know more about how to use it sustainably without destroying its natural populations.</p> Stia Prihatiningsih Idris Atthoriq Fauzan Amanda Rahmiati, Dwi Suci Mahesa Putri Mellanie Alia Putri Muhammad Idris ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 31 1 178 186 10.25077/jwa.31.1.178-186.2024 Standardization of Dairy Products Through the Implementation of Pasteurization Technology and Aseptic Packaging http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/987 <p>In order to enhance the quality of goat's milk products and ensure their cleanliness and safety for consumption, it is imperative to standardize the product and enhance its quality through the implementation of pasteurization technology and the utilization of aseptic packaging. Moreover, this initiative aims to enhance the sustainable commercialization of Rokir Farm's dairy products. Products can generate financial gains for companies while providing individuals with high-quality dairy products. Additionally, these items can support government initiatives to ensure food security and address nutritional deficiencies. This activity entails a collaborative effort between universities and partners to address particular challenges partners encounter in product standardization. Other goat milk-producing farmer groups can utilize this activity as a model.</p> Rahmat Eka Putra Ratni Prima Lita Sri Melia Indri Juliyarsi Meuthia Meuthia Devi Yulia Rahmi Fatma Poni Mardiah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 31 1 187 194 10.25077/jwa.31.1.187-194.2024 Education on Garden Land Utilization in Efforts to Prevent Stunting in Padang City http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/958 <p>The issue of stunting is a global problem that has become the focus of the government's efforts to address it. Based on observations of the nutritional status of toddlers at Posyandu Harapan Ibu, 6 out of 149 toddlers, ten are experiencing stunting, accounting for approximately 6.71% of the total number of toddlers. An initial survey conducted by the community engagement team among ten mothers with toddlers in the Posyandu Harapan Ibu 6 area revealed that most (80%) of these mothers lack knowledge regarding stunting, its prevention, management, and associated risks. The Mata Air area in Padang City, which is part of Posyandu Harapan Ibu 6, has a relatively high prevalence of stunting. However, the potential of family backyard spaces in this area has yet to be optimally utilized. This community engagement initiative aims to enhance the use of family backyard spaces as a source of nutrition for families to prevent stunting. The method employed involves educating local volunteers about the benefits of family backyard spaces as an alternative source of family food, followed by the distribution of plant seeds and planting media. The results of the outreach activities indicate that (1) participants respond to the outreach activities with enthusiasm and vigor, (2) Participants actively engage and proactively participate in the outreach process, and (3) Participants have initiated the implementation of recommendations by utilizing family backyard spaces as a source of food and nutrition for their families by planting the provided plant seeds. This community engagement effort represents a positive endeavor to prevent stunting in the Mata Air area.</p> Rahmi Awalina Yeffi Masnarivan Resmiati Resmiati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 31 1 195 201 10.25077/jwa.31.1.195-201.2024 Socialization and Practice of Processing Organic Waste into Eco-Enzyme at Sungai Nanam http://wartaandalas.lppm.unand.ac.id/index.php/jwa/article/view/981 <p>The village of Sungai Nanam, Lembah Gumanti, is an area in Solok Regency, West Sumatra, that produces significant organic waste from horticultural agriculture. If not managed properly, this waste can cause environmental and aesthetic issues. However, this waste can be converted into an eco-enzyme. An eco-enzyme is a liquid enzyme produced by fermenting organic waste. Eco-enzyme has many benefits, including being used as a liquid organic fertilizer, cleaner, and pest repellent. This community service aims to educate and train the community, especially the women farmers group, named Kelompok Wanita Tani (KWT) Rimbo Data Sejahtera, on converting organic waste into eco-enzymes. The program used three methods: socialization, demonstration, and mentoring. It has been proven to be an effective way to educate and train the community, particularly KWT Rimbo Data Sejahtera, on proper waste management. This program is a perfect fit for their needs and is very useful in reducing the impact of pollution.</p> Elara Resigia Aswaldi Anwar Indra Dwipa Irawati Irawati Armansyah Armansyah Sanna Paija Hasibuan Nilla Kristina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 31 1 202 211 10.25077/jwa.31.1.202-211.2024